Terrorism a global phenomenon mandating a unified international response Live chat to girlsno sing up
Afghanistan was used as a prime example; had the international community taken progressive action in the country following the Soviet withdrawal, the Taliban would never have won power.
More recently, the continued presence of coalition forces in Iraq and the failure to stem the violence in Iraq has created an 'Afghanistan effect' as young men (many of whom are Europeans) are heading to Iraq to fight coalition forces. The third leg in the strategy calls for enhanced cooperation.
9/11 introduced a new type of terrorist-dedicated, and committed to the extent that they would give their lives in an instant-and with the presence and availability of WMDs a new type of playing field emerged, as seen in the anthrax scares following 9/11.
Moreover, the PWG stressed the importance of the 'Programme of Action' adopted in July 2001 by the United Nations 'Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects', whose aim is to combat the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons.
This developed following 9/11, when it became apparent that terrorist organisations are highly creative.
Al-Qaeda exhibited incredible sophistication, intelligence and drive in its attack on the US. In the past, terrorists had kidnapped civilian aircrafts and blown them up, when they were on the ground and empty.
In total, the CTC has received around 550-country reports and many action plans on domestic laws programme revision.Issues addressed included democratisation, the eradication of poverty and disease, money laundering and light weapons proliferation. On September 28, 2001, Security Council Resolution 1373 (2001) created the Counter-Terrorism Committee (CTC), and imposed measures against acts of terrorism throughout the world and against the perpetrators, sponsors and facilitators of terrorist acts.The resolution called on members not to provide any financial assistance or physical support to terrorists, it also obligated countries to assist one another through information-sharing, prosecution of terrorists and ratification of international conventions. The process of implementing Resolution 1373 and thus fulfilling the mandate of the CTC, involves three stages.Resolution 1368 emphasised that states have right to self-defence-as stipulated under Article 51 of the Charter, whilst also calling on the international community to work together to counter the new menace.The resolution effectively justified US action since the attack, which the United States and its Allies saw as creating a 'state of war' against Al-Qaeda. Prior to 9/11, terrorism was seen by the UN as a national or regional problem within UN.
This allowed the organisation to focus on specific instances of terrorism, such as the attempted assassination of President Mubarak, the Lockerbie Bombing, and the bombing of the American embassies in East Africa. Moreover, the organisation largely opted to use sanctions to encourage sponsors or facilitators to abandon their support of international terrorism. The collapse of the Twin Towers made it clear that terrorism is an international problem, forcing the UN to lead a campaign for its eradication. The Security Council-the body entrusted with guaranteeing international peace and security-led this campaign.